5-Desuri, Pali

Work in Desuri block was started in January 2007, surrounded by the Aravali hills, Desuri is one of the 10 blocks of Pali district. It is a block with preponderance of Scheduled Caste (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST) including Meghwals, Bawan, Sarmara, ebari, Dholi, Bhil, and Garasias. People migrate to nearby areas, especially to Gujarat and Mumbai, in search of work which could generate a better means of income. If one looks at the socio-economic indicators, this block characterises a state of extreme backwardness and deprivation. The practice of untouchability is widespread. In a number of villages, 'lower caste' people are not allowed even to ride a two wheeler passing through the lanes where the residences of upper caste people are situated. Most villages have no transportation facilities. There are no industries which might provide employment to the people. The drinking water facility is poor and there is excessive quantity of fluoride in water which results in sickness and disfigurement. As per the Census of 2001 Desuri has 78 revenue villages spread over 24 gram panchayats. Out of the total population, 19.7 percent are SCs and 5.14 percent are ST.

Educational scenario
The overall literacy rate in Desuri block is 50.7 percent, 68.1 percent for males and 34.7 percent for females. The total number of primary schools is 200, including 165 government schools and 35 private schools. 16.8 percent of schools are single teacher schools. The dropout rate at the primary level is 38.4 percent which increases at the upper primary level to 65.8 percent. The pupil teacher ratio is 39.7 in government schools and 23.5 in private schools.

Health Indicators
The status of health in the block is as problematic as in most other parts of rural Rajasthan. Vital rates show that infant mortality rate in the district is as high as 97 in comparison to the figures of Rajasthan which comes to 87. Total fertility rate is 4.8 whereas the crude birth rate is 30.8 percent. The mean age of marriage is 16.4 years, and 41.9 percent girls are married between the age of 15-17. 23.4 percent are married even before attaining the age of 15. This poses a challenge for maternal health delivery system, especially in rural areas.


Women's status is similar in most parts of Rajasthan, and Pali district is no exception. Generally speaking, women are expected to confine themselves within the four walls of their home and as soon as they attain adolescence there are restrictions on their mobility. As against the male literacy of 68.1 percent the female literacy is just 34.7, almost half of the male literacy. Only 14.5 percent females are in the category of main workers. 67.65 percent women have no work at all and fall in the category of non workers. Amongst workers also, a large proportion of women serve as agricultural labourers. As regards education, girls' dropout rate is 42.4 percent at the primary level and 76.9 at the upper primary level. This shows that a large majority of girls leave school before completing an education up to grade VIII.


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