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7-Abu Road,Sirohi

The work in Abu Road block was set up in October of 2004 and is situated in Sirohi district, bordering to Gujarat.  It is characterized by extreme poverty and under-development. There are 85 villages in this block, but they are dispersed in small, scattered clusters of households situated on the slopes of mountains and small valleys. The population in Abu Road in 2001 was 184,487, consisting of 97,320 males and 97,167 females. Of this, 68% comprised the Garasia Scheduled Tribe.

 

Economic Situation:

 

Economically the people in the villages are very poor and thus Mahajans and upper class from nearby towns are exploiting them. Government of Rajasthan has taken initiative to start many programmes for their upliftment, but due to the lack of awareness among the people the programmes do not trickle down to them. Therefore, the sources of income are very less and since last 6 - 7 years there are very less rains in the area, this has added up to their agony. Whatever little source of income they had have been washed away due to less rainfall. The economy of the villagers is based on agriculture.

There are no industries in the block, which are working in villages. Women in Tribals equally share the economy of a household upto 50% and in some instances female of the family earns up to 75% of the income. Women at times are involved in collection of forest produce and selling the same in nearby markets. This cycle shows that the main bread earner is a woman in a family.

More than 50% of the habitations are not connected by road.  This exacerbates their exclusion and isolation. Tribal people, do not have access to health care, or education. Agricultural production is low, small land holdings, and use of agricultural inputs are very limited. Even if some people have agricultural surplus they have no access to market. These people have practically no telecommunication connectivity.

 

 Education Scenario:

 

As against the Rajasthan state percentage of 28%, the percentage of families below poverty line in Abu Road block is 51% - this ratio rises to about 72% among the tribal people. Approximately 40% of the Garasia families have no access to basic education. There are 190 primary schools in Abu Road block. The gross enrollment ratio for the whole block is 58.32% for boys and 41.67% for girls. However, the participation rate of boys and girls in the Garasia tribal community is not likely to be more than 50% for boys and 30% for girls.

 

Description

Census 2011

Census 2001

Sex Ratio (Per 1000)

940

943

Child Sex Ratio (0-6 Age)

897

918

Average Literacy

55.25

53.94

Male Literacy

69.98

69.89

Female Literacy

39.73

37.15

Literates

476,806

367,938

Male Literates

309,900

244,514

Female Literates

166,906

123,424

Child Proportion (0-6 Age)

16.73%

19.85%

Boys Proportion (0-6 Age)

17.10%

20.11%

Girls Proportion (0-6 Age)

16.33%

19.58%

 The problem of Child Labour is becoming acute due to the drought seasons. One can see 2 to 3 child labors in service sectors such as hotels and private hospitals and in grocery shops etc. To put in percentages it is not less than 10% and in Abu Road itself it is around 2-3%, rest of the children are engaged in hazardous jobs in Gujarat those who have migrated from this block along with their parents.

 

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