8-Bassi, Jaipur

 

Bassi Block

General  information

Situated at a distance of 31 kilometers from the city of Jaipur, Bassi is one of the 13 blocks of Jaipur district. The total area of the block is 730.9 kilometers, consisting of 235 revenue villages in 44 gram panchayats. The total population of the block is 294282, 158702 males and 135580 females. In spite of its closeness to Jaipur city the sex ratio in the block is disconcertingly low – 854.31 females per thousand males. There is preponderance of 'Meena' Scheduled Caste community which form a large part of the 34.05 percent Scheduled Caste population in the block. 22.95 percent population belongs to the Scheduled Caste communities. The main occupation of people is agriculture and wage labour. A substantial section of people commute on daily basis to Jaipur and nearby areas to work as masons or manual labour in the building construction industry. SC people generally serve as agricultural labour, besides taking up other daily wage work as may be available.

Educational Scenario

Despite Bassi being in the vicinity of Jaipur about 42 percent of the population is non-literate. The overall literacy rate of Bassi is 58.14 percent as against 69.90 percent in Jaipur district. Though the total number of schools is quite high, 403, 22.55 percent are single teacher schools. The dropout rate at primary level is 54.38 percent whereas at upper primary it is 68.28 percent, which is a glaring indicator of the terrible state of primary education in this block.

Health Indicators

Being close to Jaipur and a popular place of posting for medical and health personnel, the small town of Bassi has a hospital equipped with qualified doctors and the required minimum facilities. However, in the rural areas the status of health is abysmally poor. As the vital rates show, infant mortality rate in Jaipur is 85 slightly less than Rajasthan which is 87. Total fertility rate is 5.2 as against 4.9 in Rajasthan. Crude Birth Rate is again higher 33.83 whereas in Rajasthan it comes to 32.19. Mean age of female marriage is 15.1, even lower than Pali (16.4) area which is remotely situated and inhabited by extremely backward communities.

Gender

One could appreciate the status of women through an analysis of their access and control over developmental opportunities in terms of education, health, work force participation etc. The literacy data of 2001 census shows women's  literacy as 36.30 percent as against men's literacy of 77.99 percent, more than double of the female literacy rates. The apparent dropout rate of girls at primary level is 57.73 percent and at the upper primary level it is 78.24 percent. Out of a total number of 1699 teachers in the block only 435 are females, about 25 percent. 51.3 percent females are married before the age of 15 and start leading family life at an early age. The work force participation of women is just 37.17 percent, 62.83 percent women are still in the category of non-workers. The attitudes regarding women's mobility, education and control over resources are feudal and they are expected to lead a subdued and subordinated life. In the interiors of rural areas the participation of women in public spheres is insignificant. 

An overview of the locale

 Bassi blocks is typically characterized by frightfully inferior status of women, low levels of literacy and primary education and steeped in feudal values. Whatever impact education and mass media have had, that has only exacerbated this situation. Discrimination against 'dalits' is ubiquitous who suffer from exclusion from all development processes, practically all indicators concerning women are adverse and more than half of the young persons in 11-20 age group have had no basic education.

Like the other five blocks in which Doosra Dashak is being implemented, Bassi block presents a challenge to development process. The experience of the last five years of work reinforces our conviction that if we can mobilize the village communities and organize worthwhile educational programmes, youth will not only take their destinies in their own hands, they could become harbingers of economic development and social change.

 Commencement of DD project

Doosra Dashak work started in the Bassi block in January 2007. A new panchayat was identified and work to build up strong community ties commenced. Emphasis was laid on the socio-economically backward and deprived classes – Raigar, Mahawar, Bairwa, Meena, Dhanka and Ballai (weavers). Building strong organizations of women and youth at the village level was the principal focus. Liasioning with the local Dalit organization- Ambedkar welfare society was a part of the strategy to work closely on Dalit issues.

  

 

 

Bassi block, Jaipur District

1. Demographic Data, Bassi Block

 

Area ( In K.M.)

730.9

No. of revenue villages 2011

235

No. of inhabited villages

220

No. of Gram Panchayats

44

No. of households

46762

Population 2011

283283

Male

147202

Female

136080

Others

01

 percent of SC population 2011

22.95

 percent of ST population 2011

34.o5

 percent of Gen. population 2011

43.oo

Decadal popualtion growth Rate (  percent)

43.52

Sex ratio (Females/1000 Males)

924.44

Density of population (Per Sq. Km.)

364

Average rainfall in Cm.

 

 

2. Vital Statistics, Jaipur district, 2004

 

3. Maternal and Child care , Jaipur district, 2004

 

 

 

Indicators

Value

 

Indicators

Value in  percent

Crude Birth Rate (CBR)

18.35

 

Received full Anatenatal checkup

72.9

Total Fertility Rate (TFR)

2.18

 

Institutional delivery

61.9

Infant Mortality Rate (IMR)

0.1

 

Safe delivery

61.09

Crude Death  Rate (CDR)

0.3

 

Full immunizations

69.09

 

 

 

Women visit by ANM/health worker

97.80

Source: DLHS-RCH survey, 2004

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: DLHS-RCH survey, 2004

 

 

 

 

 

4. Literacy Rate 7 years and above 2011

 

 

Rajasthan

Jaipur district

Bassi block

 

Person

68.01

75.05

58.14

 

Male

79.02

88.01

77.99

 

Female

52.01

64.00

36.30

 

 

 

 

 

 

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