|The Bap block was started in June of 2001, being one of the first block where Doosra Dashak started working. The Bap block of the Jodhpur district is completely rural and situated between Jodhpur, Jaisalmer, and Bikaner districts in western Rajasthan. Located in the heart of the Thar desert, Bap gives the impression of endless desolation, with scattered habitation. The population is sparse, but people are sturdy and hardened by adversity. Drought and scarcity are a recurrent phenomenon, resulting in large scale migration to greener areas. Some of the poorest communities in this region are the Scheduled Caste (SC) Meghwals, the Scheduled Tribe (ST) Bhils, Bhavaris, and Dholis, the other backwards classes (OBC) Lohars and Langas, Mirasi Muslims, and Odh Beldars. The proportion of females to males is 885:1000, as against Rajasthan's state ratio of 921:1000. Bap illustrates the deterioration in the male-female ratio afflicting most parts of the country, but alarmingly manifested in Rajasthan
Economic and Health Issues:
Bap has a sizeable SC population and more than 40% of its inhabitants are Muslims. Practically all educational parameters for Bap block are egregious. The main occupation of the people is cattle husbandry, agriculture being mostly an un-irrigated activity. There is widespread addiction to alcohol and opium. It is not uncommon to find youth and older men getting incapacitated due to these addictions.
The general literacy rate of 20 percent and 5.25 percent for females is much worse than the overall Rajasthan data. As in rest of Rajasthan, the status of women in Bap area is disconcertingly bad. Not only is their life physically arduous and characterized by strenuous chores, but hardly any attention is paid to their medical and health needs. This is exacerbated by widespread prevalence of child marriage, which begins to narrow the options available to adolescent girls and young women. Even if they continue to stay in their father's house, they begin to be treated as 'paraya dhan' (others' property) and their schooling get discontinued.
Practically all educational indicators for Bap block are weak. The total literacy rate of is 47%, and 37% for females, is much lower than that for Rajasthan. Although the number of primary schools is fairly large, 69 of the 88 schools have two teachers or less and all the 67 Rajiv Gandhi Pathshalas have one under-qualified and untrained teacher. With about half of the girl children out of school, their participation rate in elementary education is extremely low. By looking at the social status one can also understand the educational backwardness of the block. The educational level in communities like Rajputs, Muslims, Meghwals, Bhils, is abysmally low. 40% of the populations in this block are Muslims. According to 2001 census the literacy level is as follows:
New schools have opened and some schools have been upgraded. However, there has been an acute shortage of teachers. In this block there are 284 primary schools of which 160 are single teacher schools. Also 13 out of 85 Upper Primary schools have single teacher, the average number of teachers in upper primary schools (8 classes) is 3. Benchmark made at the time of admission in DD’s 4-month residential camps shows that children who have had schooling for 3-4 years are practically illiterate.