Bali, Pali (2003)

Bali, Pali (2003)

DD activities in Bali block was started in September 2003, it resides in the Pali district. Pali is a semi-arid stretch of Rajasthan with moderate rainfall. The most significant characteristic of Bali block is the large Scheduled Caste,(SC) and Scheduled Tribe (ST) population of nearly 43 percent. Nearly one-third of the geographical area of the block is hilly and inhabited by diverse tribal communities: Bhils, Garasias, Meenas, etc.

As of 2011 India census, Bali had a population of 2,63,900. Males constitute 1,32,787 of the population and females 1,31,113. Bali has an average literacy rate of 65%, lower than the national average of 74.04%; with 75.6% of the males and 54.5% of females literate. 11.5% of the population is under 6 years of age. In 1897 its population was about 6000.

Bali tehsil has 93 villages under 39 gram panchayats and two municipalities, Falna and itself. Gram Panchayats are Amaliya, Barwa, Bedal, Bera, Bhandar, Bhatund, Bheetwara, Bhimana, Bijapur,sela, Bisalpur, Boya, Chamunderi, Dhani-Sela, Doodni, Falna Gaon, Goriya, Guralas, Kakardi, Khimel, Kotbaliyan, Kothar, Koyalwao, Kumtiya, Kuran, Latara, Lunawa, Lundara, Malnoo, Mirgeshwar, Mokampura, Mundara, Nana, Paderla, Peepla, Perwa, Sena, Sesli, Sewari and Shivtalao.

Garasia People:

The Garasia community has its own cultural and social rules and customs. Their language, Garasia, is a mix of Gurajati and Marwari. They have colorful attire and cheerful way of life. Hosting celebrations such as festivals and fairs often is the norm. Although, they have a strong social organization and a sense of pride about it, due to some of their customs such as vair pratha (family enmity leading to mass revenge), kheench (forcing a girl to marry a man who selects her), they have harmed themselves for generations. Some of their customs are very negative towards females. On top of it there is large scale addiction to liquor and all kinds of superstitions. Due to these reasons and lack of education, as well as ill-treatment by other communities, particularly in urban areas, their self-image is very low. They have traditionally been dependent on forests, which are receding. As a result they have become more and more dependent on urban areas, resulting in humiliation and sexual abuse. Although, several campaigns have been launched by the government but they proved of no use.

Economics:

The condition of tribal people is extremely poor – very low on health, education and income indicators. The SC communities are equally deprived. The largest sections in this community are Meghwals, Chamars and Raigars. Although the benefit of reservation in education and employment has been available to these communities, little improvement has taken place in their plight.

Educational Scenario:

The educational situation in Bali block is far from satisfactory. As against a literacy rate of 61.03 for Rajasthan, the literacy rate in Bali block is 50.34%, 66.6% for males and as low as 34.53% for females. The elementary education (6-14 age group) participation rate is not very dissimilar to the situation in the state of Rajasthan and Pali District. However this conceals wide disparities among different sections of the population. For all practical purposes the participation rate in elementary education among SC & ST population is likely to be almost half of the overall participation rate.

Pali Literacy Rate 2011

Average literacy rate of Pali in 2011 were 62.39 compared to 54.39 of 2001. If things are looked out at gender wise, male and female literacy were 76.81 and 48.01 respectively. For 2001 census, same figures stood at 72.20 and 36.48 in Pali District. Total literate in Pali District were 1,085,693 of which male and female were 667,381 and 418,312 respectively.

The total literacy rate in the Bali block. As per the DISE 2006, the gender gap in DD’s project areas of Bali Block as below:

DD activities in Bali block was started in September 2003, it resides in the Pali district. Pali is a semi-arid stretch of Rajasthan with moderate rainfall. The most significant characteristic of Bali block is the large Scheduled Caste,(SC) and Scheduled Tribe (ST) population of nearly 43 percent. Nearly one-third of the geographical area of the block is hilly and inhabited by diverse tribal communities: Bhils, Garasias, Meenas, etc.

As of 2011 India census, Bali had a population of 19,879. Males constitute 50% (9,996) of the population and females 50% (9,883). Bali has an average literacy rate of 65%, lower than the national average of 74.04%; with 75.6% of the males and 54.5% of females literate. 11.5% of the population is under 6 years of age. In 1897 its population was about 6000.

Bali tehsil has 93 villages under 39 gram panchayats and two municipalities, Falna and itself. Gram Panchayats are Amaliya, Barwa, Bedal, Bera, Bhandar, Bhatund, Bheetwara, Bhimana, Bijapur,sela, Bisalpur, Boya, Chamunderi, Dhani-Sela, Doodni, Falna Gaon, Goriya, Guralas, Kakardi, Khimel, Kotbaliyan, Kothar, Koyalwao, Kumtiya, Kuran, Latara, Lunawa, Lundara, Malnoo, Mirgeshwar, Mokampura, Mundara, Nana, Paderla, Peepla, Perwa, Sena, Sesli, Sewari and Shivtalao.

Garasia People:

The Garasia community has its own cultural and social rules and customs. Their language, Garasia, is a mix of Gurajati and Marwari. They have colorful attire and cheerful way of life. Hosting celebrations such as festivals and fairs often is the norm. Although, they have a strong social organization and a sense of pride about it, due to some of their customs such as vair pratha (family enmity leading to mass revenge), kheench (forcing a girl to marry a man who selects her), they have harmed themselves for generations. Some of their customs are very negative towards females. On top of it there is large scale addiction to liquor and all kinds of superstitions. Due to these reasons and lack of education, as well as ill-treatment by other communities, particularly in urban areas, their self-image is very low. They have traditionally been dependent on forests, which are receding. As a result they have become more and more dependent on urban areas, resulting in humiliation and sexual abuse. Although, several campaigns have been launched by the government but they proved of no use.

Economics:

The condition of tribal people is extremely poor – very low on health, education and income indicators. The SC communities are equally deprived. The largest sections in this community are Meghwals, Chamars and Raigars. Although the benefit of reservation in education and employment has been available to these communities, little improvement has taken place in their plight.

Educational Scenario:

The educational situation in Bali block is far from satisfactory. As against a literacy rate of 61.03 for Rajasthan, the literacy rate in Bali block is 50.34%, 66.6% for males and as low as 34.53% for females. The elementary education (6-14 age group) participation rate is not very dissimilar to the situation in the state of Rajasthan and Pali District. However this conceals wide disparities among different sections of the population. For all practical purposes the participation rate in elementary education among SC & ST population is likely to be almost half of the overall participation rate.

Pali Literacy Rate 2011

Average literacy rate of Pali in 2011 were 62.39 compared to 54.39 of 2001. If things are looked out at gender wise, male and female literacy were 76.81 and 48.01 respectively. For 2001 census, same figures stood at 72.20 and 36.48 in Pali District. Total literate in Pali District were 1,085,693 of which male and female were 667,381 and 418,312 respectively.

The total literacy rate in the Bali block. As per the DISE 2006, the gender gap in DD’s project areas of Bali Block as below:



Gender Gap

 

6-11 yrs

11-14 yrs

6-14 yrs

Pali District

7.91

25.15

12.67

Bali Block

9.24

20.37

12.45