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  • In the context of preparation for 11th Five Year Plan Planning Commission had constituted a Working Group on Adolescents. The group made comprehensive recommendations, including a suggestion that separate policy should be formulated on adolescents. Most of the recommendations of the Working Group have been incorporated in the 11th Plan document.
  • Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports has revised its 10th Plan scheme on Empowerment and Development of Adolescents.  The scheme now provides for NYKs, NSS, NGOs, etc. to take up nation building activities through adolescents. The scheme is being implemented energetically by the Ministry.
  • In the same context (i.e. preparation for the 11th Plan) a large Working Group was constituted on Secondary /Elementary Education. The Chairperson constituted several sub-groups. One of them was on Education of Adolescent Persons. It was chaired by Anil Bordia and included R. Govinda, AK Jalaluddin, Anita Rampal, representatives of National Open School, NCERT and other organizations. The sub-group made far-reaching recommendations. Noting the gravity of this task, the sub-group suggested that the central government should give to education of adolescents a high priority alongside adult literacy and primary education. Hardly any action has been taken on those recommendations.
  • The NCF-05 was reviewed by FED and several suggestions made to NCERT for revision of the component on health and sanitation keeping in view the special needs of adolescent persons. NCERT is considerable the matter.
Fundamental Rights Directive Principles of State Policy
Article 15: “The State shall not discriminate against any citizen... nothing in this Article shall prevent the State from making any special provisions for women and children.” Article 39:“Right of children and  the young to be protected against exploitation and to opportunities for healthy development, consonant with freedom and dignity.”
Article 21 A: Right to education.- . The State shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of six to fourteen years in such manner as the State may, by law, determine.". Article 45: “Right of children to free and compulsory education.”
Article 23: “Traffic in human beings and beggar and other forms of forced labour are prohibited and any contravention of this provision shall be an offence punishable in accordance with the law.” Article 46: “To promote educational and economic interests of weaker sections to protect them from social injustice.”
Article 24: “No child below the age of 14 years shall be employed to work in any factory or mine or engaged in any other hazardous employment. Article 47: “The State shall endeavor to raise the level of nutrition and standard of living and to improve public health.”

 

Acts Related to Children and Adolescents with educational manifestations
  • 86th Constitutional Amendment 2002 free and compulsory education to all children in the age group of 6-14 years. Article 21 A:  The State shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of six to fourteen years in such manner as the State may, by law, determine”.
  • Young Persons Harmful Publications Act 1956 prevents the dissemination of certain publications that are harmful to young persons.
  • The Children (Probation and Regulation) Act 1986 prohibits pledging the labour of children..
  • The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 deals with the law relating to juveniles in conflict with law and children in need of care and protection.
  • The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986 prohibits the engagement of children in certain employments and to regulate the conditions of work of children in certain other employments.
  • The Rights of Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995 ensures affirmative action, non-discrimination and care of the severely disabled. 
  • The Commissions for Protection of Child Rights Act 2005 - The Government has notified for Protection of Child Rights Act, 2005 on 20th January 2006. The Act provides for setting up a National Commission at the National level and the State Commissions at the State level. The National Commission will be a statutory body set up under an Act of the Parliament.
  • Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation Act 1995 provides for education, employment, creation of barrier free environment and social security etc.

 

1.) National Youth Policy 2003

  • addresses sub group 13-19 yrs. within the broader age group 13-35 yrs.
  • youth empowerment through education, nutrition, leadership development and equality of opportunity.
  • gender justice through education, access to services including reproductive health and decision-making process to productive resources and economic opportunities.
  • state-sponsored and free counselling services for youth, particularly adolescents

2.) National Sports Policy 2001

  • integration of Sports and Physical Education with the Educational Curriculum
  • sports & physical education to be a compulsory subject of learning up to the secondary school level
  • a National Fitness Programme in all schools

3.) National  Policy on Education 1986, Modified-1992,

  • universal enrolment and universal retention of children up to 14 years of age.
  • constitutional amendment to make education a fundamental right (up to 14 years).
  • a large and systematic programme of non-formal education will be launched for school dropouts, forchildren from habitations without schools, working children and girls who cannot attend whole-day schools
  • vocational courses at secondary level. 
  • To provide for educational programme of adolescent girls.
  • population education must be viewed as an important part of nation’s strategy to control the growth of population,
  • programmes should be modulated and inform youth and adolescents about family planning and responsibleparenthood.

4.) National Policy for the Empowerment of Women-(2001).  

  • remove discrimination against girl child, adolescent girl etc.
  • focuses at critical link between the health of adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women with health of infants and children

5.) National Nutrition Policy (1993)

  • reaching   adolescent girl for a safe motherhood status and  to address nutritional needs.
  • to monitor periodically  nutritional status of adolescent girls below the poverty line. 

6.) WORKING GROUP REPORT ON ELEMENTARY EDUCATION AND LITERACY  - 12th FIVE YEAR PLAN ; 2012-2017  mentions Doosra Dashak

 “Doosra Dashak program, which is being implemented in Rajasthan focusing on rural illiterate adolescents has been able to successfully engage with this group through organization of  longer duration residential camps, adopting integrated, holistic approach to adolescent  learning combining the initial camps with ongoing continuing education opportunities through helping adolescents’ to form adolescent groups , organizing issues based training , engaging them in the exercises related to social mapping , associating them with Gyan Vigyan Kendras, libraries, Ikhavelos (learning centers) and offering them many opportunities on a regular basis to serve as peer educators as well as rural counselors to support their peers. The expansion of the Doosra Dashak approach in several states of north India by civil society groups working on adolescent issues is evidence of the success of a holistic programming approach for out of school adolescents.”

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