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Constitutional & Legislative Acts
Constitutional & Legislative Acts
Fundamental Rights Directive Principles of State Policy
Article 15: “The State shall not discriminate against any citizen... nothing in this Article shall prevent the State from making any special provisions for women and children.” Article 39:“Right of children and  the young to be protected against exploitation and to opportunities for healthy development, consonant with freedom and dignity.”
Article 21 A: Right to education.- . The State shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of six to fourteen years in such manner as the State may, by law, determine.". Article 45: “Right of children to free and compulsory education.”
Article 23: “Traffic in human beings and beggar and other forms of forced labour are prohibited and any contravention of this provision shall be an offence punishable in accordance with the law.” Article 46: “To promote educational and economic interests of weaker sections to protect them from social injustice.”
Article 24: “No child below the age of 14 years shall be employed to work in any factory or mine or engaged in any other hazardous employment. Article 47: “The State shall endeavor to raise the level of nutrition and standard of living and to improve public health.”


Acts Related to Children and Adolescents with educational manifestations
  • 86th Constitutional Amendment 2002 free and compulsory education to all children in the age group of 6-14 years. Article 21 A:  The State shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of six to fourteen years in such manner as the State may, by law, determine”.
  • Young Persons Harmful Publications Act 1956 prevents the dissemination of certain publications that are harmful to young persons.
  • The Children (Probation and Regulation) Act 1986 prohibits pledging the labour of children..
  • The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 deals with the law relating to juveniles in conflict with law and children in need of care and protection.
  • The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986 prohibits the engagement of children in certain employments and to regulate the conditions of work of children in certain other employments.
  • The Rights of Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995 ensures affirmative action, non-discrimination and care of the severely disabled. 
  • The Commissions for Protection of Child Rights Act 2005 - The Government has notified for Protection of Child Rights Act, 2005 on 20th January 2006. The Act provides for setting up a National Commission at the National level and the State Commissions at the State level. The National Commission will be a statutory body set up under an Act of the Parliament.
  • Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation Act 1995 provides for education, employment, creation of barrier free environment and social security etc.


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